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Nang Yai Wat Khanon has 2 sets of leather body :

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original large leather

original large leather

It is a movie that has been made since the time of Phra Kru.

Faith Sunthorn  or Luang Pu Klom created

In the reign of King Rama 5, the number of more than 400

There are currently 313 left.  and preserved in " Nang Yai Museum, Wat Khanon"

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new big leather

new big leather

is a movie that Somdet Phra Thep Rattana Rajasuda

Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn  It was initiated by Silpakorn University to produce according to the original large leather body design since 1990 and was completed in 1995.

Number 313  and was given to Wat Khanon

to be used in the performances of the big movies, especially

The difference between the original large leather
with a new set of big leather

    Making a large puppet was originally considered a high-class craftsmanship. that requires exquisite craftsmanship

Delicate The beauty of the movie depends on the design of the characters in the picture to be proportional. and decorative patterns that are suitable for the figure Especially the big movie, which is a capture or battle image, which has characters.

many in the same picture An ancient craftsman will try to invent a beautiful and exciting battle stance.

Viewers, in addition to the design of the image Still requires the expertise of carving. or perforated

desired image The last place is  Coloring to create beautiful colors and also indicates

some characters as well

    New large leather body of Wat Khanon Prepared with the aim of following the original set of big leather.

as much as possible by the organizers of the new Nang Yai project of Wat Khanon under the royal initiative have searched

The technique of making large leather from the original set of the ancient craftsmen, especially in the coloring part. but can't

Can use the same method as all ancient artisans. Due to some limitations, a new method is required.

to get the desired effect which can be compared to the following steps

1. Line drawing or sketch

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original large leather

The technician will draw lines on the leather. Using a paintbrush, dip the white body into the leather that has been tanned and painted black.

After that, perforate the leather according to the pattern outlined.

original large leather

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new big leather

Place the wax paper over the original skin.

Write a pattern with a Rotting pen No. 0.5.

Once the pattern has been traversed, it will be photographed as a blueprint.

to cover on the leather with water glue and continue to perforate

new big leather

2. The material used to make the leather

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original large leather

Ancient craftsmen used cow leather to make themselves more.

buffalo leather because cow leather has a fineness and

Softer than buffalo leather

original large leather

new big leather

Initially, only cowhide was ordered from the Tanning Organization. But there is a limitation on size. can't make a movie

which is very large, later changed to use

buffalo leather instead

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new big leather

3. The process of preparing the leather

original large leather

The procedure in ancient times was quite complicated.

That is, when the cow's hide is obtained, it must be marinated in water

Lime or concentrated brine about 1 hour

Then stretched on a square wooden frame until dry.

Then use a knife to scrape off all the hairs. to marinate in water

Made from the speaker plant, leave it for about 7-10 days.

and then stretched the skin on the wooden frame again.

Dry in the shade until completely dry and ready for use.

perforated

original large leather

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new big leather

Bring raw leather that has been tanned from the Tanning Organization.

Soak in water to soften. Then bring it up and soak it in water.

mixed with vinegar Soak for 4-5 hours. Bring the leather to stretch on the wooden frame. pinned with nails as

rectangular frame Hang the leather in the shade until it is completely dry.

It is ready for perforation.

Bring raw leather that has been tanned from the Tanning Organization.

Soak in water to soften. Then bring it up and soak it in water.

mixed with vinegar Soak for 4-5 hours.

Take a piece of leather and stretch it on a wooden frame. pinned with nails as

rectangular frame Hang the leather in the shade until it is completely dry.

It is ready to be perforated.

4. Perforation

original large leather

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original large leather

There are two types of tools used for perforation:

The hammering machine uses a pearl that looks like a hollow steel tube with a sharp end, a pattern hammered and a cutter uses a chisel.

Various types such as cross-section chisels, oblique chisels and chisels

Fingernails are used for cutting, slitting and cutting according to the desired pattern.

new big leather

There are two types of tools used for perforation:

Toot-tu of various sizes, nailed to walk the pattern, and the cutter uses a small pointed knife similar to the barrel of a gun to cut.

or slash the area you want to be transparent

for flexibility in use not using a chisel

ancient style

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new big leather

5. Coloring the skin

original large leather

The color used to paint the body of the large leather of Wat Khanon is

natural materials such as

Black color is obtained from the soot or ashes of some plants.

Yellow is obtained from the heartwood of Fang.

Red color is obtained from the heartwood of Fang mixed with lime.

Green is obtained from Chun Color.

original large leather

new big leather

new big leather

The new set of Nang Yai of Wat Khanon wants to use color.

as much as the original But from the experiment, it was found that can't do Therefore, changing the method of mixing new colors to be as close to the original as possible, such as

Black with Chinese ink mixed with white dust and red dust.

Reddish yellow, using Fang heartwood, jackfruit heartwood

and latex mixed

Reddish brown, using Fang heartwood, jackfruit heartwood

and betel nut mix

Green Use color sustenance mixed with green dust.

6. Line cutting

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original large leather

original large leather

Cutting the lines of the original big leather, actually

caused by sketching with white lines on the leather

painted black throughout and then portrayed according to the figure

When the part you want to paint is finished, scrape off the black paint and paint it. the rest is black

So there are still white outlines.

new big leather

Use the cutting method when finished coloring by cutting the lines.

to emphasize the image with white powder paint drain in parts

Follow the color seen from the original big leather body. then coated with liquid as the last step to make the color

Durable and will not peel off when exposed to moisture

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new big leather